Very Common Video Editing Terms – Every Video Editor Must Know

ADMEC Multimedia > Post Production > Very Common Video Editing Terms – Every Video Editor Must Know

Video editing is the procedure of manipulating video by rearranging different shots and scenes in order to create a whole new output. It is only a small part of post-production work. If you want to take your video editing skills from beginner to pro, then you need to have a command over video editing terms. Editing not only comprises “the cut”; instead, the job is very much monotonous at time and requires highly creative mind. ADMEC Multimedia is a professional Video Editing Institute in Delhi offers training for video editing courses in India by experts. In the advanced Video Editing classes, training is given on high-end apple machines by best of the experienced industry experts. To become a professional editor always follow the tips and techniques given by the mentors and industry experts. 

Most Important Video Editing Terms

In the present competitive world, it is not easy to become a faultless video editor. But constant practice and patience you can become a pro in no time. Here are a few of the most important video editing terms you must know to become a professional video editor.

1. Aspect Ratio:  

It can be defined as the connection between the width and the height of any video dimensions which is conveyed in ratio. The most common aspect ratios which are used for video are 4:3, 16:9 and 1.85:1.

2. B-roll: 

It is that process of video editing where rules are flexible at the time of editing because of the fact that supplementary footage can make a beforehand unequal scene smooth. They also assist in providing additional details to back various scenes which are used in the news, wedding films, or interviews. For example, in an interview or news report it can be a footage which has been cut to help tell the story.

3. Close Up:

Those shots which frame any subject firmly are known as close up shots. For instance, if in a scene a person is the subject, then close up will be person’s face. 

4. Color Temperature: 

It computes and gives the output Kelvin unit and the scale can vary between cool to warm. It is also known as the visible light in a shot. Let’s take an example: hotter color temperatures tend to appear red or orange, whereas cooler color temperatures often have a bluish tint.

5. Color Correction: 

When a professional editor manipulates colors digitally in post-production, then that process can be termed as color correction.

6. Compositing: 

At the time of editing footage, compositing is often used. It can be described as the process of merging numerous images with the help of best video editing software.

7. Compression: 

It can be referred to as the procedure of decreasing the amount of data in a video file. This process makes uploading downloading process for the video really fast. No doubt it takes time to compress any video, still using it will not only saves time but give you the option to store more videos!

8. Crop factor:

It is a number, generally in the range of 1.3 to 2.0, that indicates the ratio of a sensor’s imaging area to that of a full frame sensor. Multiplying a lens’ focal length by a sensor’s crop factor gives the actual focal length for that sensor/lens combination.

9. Cut-in (Insert Shot): 

It is a type of shot that most often shows the objects the subject is in contact with or manipulating. Cut-in shots are correspondingly helpful to b-roll because they stray from the subject for a short period of time.

10. Depth of Field (DOF): 

It refers to the part of your image that is in focus. A deep DOF will show nearly everything in the frame sharply in focus. In case of shallow DOF, a narrow range within your video image will be in focus. A shallow depth of field allows for greater emphasis to be placed on your main subject.

11. Frame Rate: 

It is the rate that your shutter cycles through opening and closing or when the sensor captures video in a 1 second period. Common Frame Rate Examples: 24, 25, 29.97, 30, 50, 60. The frame rate is expressed through frames per second (fps).

12. F-stop: 

It is a term used to describe the size of the aperture opening. The lower the F-stop number, the bigger the aperture. If the aperture is low, more light is able to reach the image sensor. F-stop settings are normally displayed with a forward slash. Common f-stops are: f/1.4, f/2, f/2.8, f/4, f/5.6, f/8, f/11, f/16, and f/22. A low f-stop number (large aperture) results in a shallow depth of field and a high f-stop (smaller aperture) gives a deep depth of field.

13. Jump Cut: 

This is a cut that pushes forward in time. It’s normally done within the same frame or composition, and many times it’s used within montages. 

14. J-Cut: 

They are used when editing footage to have the audio from the next shot precede the video. J-cut is not short for jump cut. The name has been derived from the shape a j-cut makes on your editing program’s timeline.

15. L-Cut: 

They are the exact opposite of j-cuts because the video is edited so that the video’s image changes from one shot to another but the initial shot’s audio continues into the next clip. Similarly, like a j-cut, an l-cut has its name because of its appearance in the timeline of your editing software.

16. Memory Bank: 

It is a video that documents certain time periods or events in someone’s life. It can be used to record music, make use of natural sound, record vacations, or just capture moments in everyday life.

17. Pixel Aspect Ratio: 

Pixels are the thousands of tiny squares (typically squares) that make up each image in your video. The width of each pixel relative to its height is known as the pixel aspect ratio. For uploading to Vimeo set your pixel aspect ratio (PAR) to 1:1 or 1.00.

18. Shortlist: 

It is a full log of all the shots you want to include in your film; essentially it is a checklist filled with minute details that will give your film a sense of direction and efficiency.

19. Storyboard: 

A Storyboard consists of drawings that illustrate all of the scenes in your production. They are an organized and direct way to visualize what needs to be shot or animated.

20. The Rule of Thirds: 

It is a method of composing shots which makes your production aesthetically pleasing. Imagine a tic-tac-toe board aligned directly over your image. The grid for the Rule of Thirds looks like a tic-tac-toe board because it separates the image into 9 separate sections.

21.  Three-point Lighting: 

It is useful because 3 lights are set up in a way that eliminates the majority of shadows to balance the image and have appealing contrast. The 3 lights are commonly called fill, key, and backlights.

22.  Tilts: 

They are fixed up and down, or vertical, movements made with the camera.

23. Timelapse: 

It is a technique where each frame in a video is captured at a much slower rate than normal. When played back at normal speed, time appears to go by faster. This can also be achieved by fast forwarding or increasing the speed of your video in an editing program.

24.  White Balance: 

It is the process of capturing the correct colors for the type of available light. For instance, in an improper white balance, the whites may have tints of yellow, green, red, or some other color. Many cameras come with a white balance menu, as well as an auto white balance feature

25. Wide Angle:

It is a lens that uses a grouping of glass to enable a shorter focal length than the physical body of the lens would normally permit. In doing so, the wide-angle lens can capture more of a subject from an equal distance when compared to a normal lens of the same size.

Once you master the above list of common terms and learn why each one is important in different circumstances, you can make your projects more entertaining and your editing more efficient, and you can create a whole editing style of your own that reflects your creative side. Also, Professional video editing can make the difference between a cheesy home movie and an emotional family film. There are many ways to learn, master and then pass on video editing knowledge, but the most important secret is: your video editing training from a reputed institute where you get hands-on experience on live projects using latest software. 

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