In web applications, there is the server and the client (user). The “server” is a web application server at a remote area that will execute web requests & send pages to the client. Whereas the “client” refers to a web browser, such as Firefox, Chrome, Google, etc. Web applications can contain code that is handled on the user’s (client’s) browser or on the web server. On the other hand, web applications have a separated architecture, which implies that there is never a live, constant connection between the page showed in the user’s (client’s) browser and database server or a web. Most of the processing will be carried out at the server and not on the client’s web browser. At the point when a database needs to be approached on a server, the web application will present the page once again on the web server and server-side code will process the request. Now let us discuss both the programming languages in detail:
Server-side scripting is a technique used in website designing to create dynamic web pages based on various conditions when the user’s (client’s) browser makes a request to the server The Web Server executes the server-side scripting which produces the page to be sent to the browser. The server executes server-side scripts to forward a page however it doesn’t execute client-side scripts.
Server-side scripting is often used to connect with the databases that locate on the web server. Also, it can approach the file system lying at the web server. It is generally observed that response from a server-side script is slower when compared to a client-side script as the scripts are prepared on the seclude computer. PHP, Python, Ruby are some common examples of server-side scripting.
Examples of Server-side Scripting
- Cold Fusion Markup Language- CFML
Benefits of Server-side Scripting
- Scripts are usually hidden from the views. Only HTML output can be view by the users, even if they view the source.
Drawbacks of Server-side Scripting
The scripts can be utilized by hackers to get access to the server. Since the scripts react to URL info, altering the URL to something that endeavors a security hole & can give the client-server access, here and there even as root.
Client-side Scripting is utilized when the client’s (user’s) browser has all the code and the page is modified on the basis of the client’s (user’s) information. The Web Browser executes the client-side scripting that locates within the user’s computer. Client-side scripts are also known as the embedded script (as they are often embedded within an HTML or XHTML document).
The browser gets the page sent by the server & executes the client-side scripts. Client-side scripting can’t be utilized to join with the databases on the web server. Client-side scripting cannot get the file system which lies at the web server.
Examples of Popular Client-side Scripting
- VBScript (can be used on serverside also)
Advantages of Client-side Scripting
- Client-side Scripting offers faster response times, less overhead on the webserver, and a more interactive application.
- Ideal for altering the page elements without the need to contact the database.
Disadvantages of Client-side Scripting
The drawback of Client-side scripting is that the scripting language calls for more effort and time, while the user’s browser must support the scripting language also.
Differences Between Both Scripting Languages:
|Basis of Difference||Client-Side Scripting Language||Server-Side Scripting Language|
|Where it works?||Works at the front-side and that is why it is visible to the client or users.||Works at the back-side and that is why it is visible just to the programmer and not the user.|
|Processing Required||It does not require anything such as server to interact.||It requires server to interact.|
|Languages||HTML, CSS, JS etc.||Python, PHP, Ruby, ASP.net etc.|
|How is it effective?||Affects the loading time of the webpage.||It helps in making web pages dynamic.|
|Secure||It is not that insecure||It is comparatively secure|
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