Want to Know About the Standards?
Now, Let’s Know About All the Versions of ECMAScript:
1. First Edition
It was developed in June 1997 by Guy L. Steele.
2. Second Edition
It was introduced in June 1998 by Mike Cowlishaw. In this edition, some editorial changes were made to let the specifications fully aligned with the international standard ISO/IEC 16262.
3. Third Edition
Introduced in December 1999 by Mike Cowlishaw. In this edition, a lot of new things were added such as :
- Regular Expressions
- how to handle strings
- Some new control statements
- exception handling use try and catch
- Strict use of errors
- numeric output was formatted
- and many more
4. Fourth Edition
This version was abandoned because of some complexities. The new features that were added to this edition were either dropped completely or were added to the sixth edition
5. Fifth Edition
It came after a very long timespan i.e. in December 2009. “Strict Mode” was added to it which made error checking much better. Made the ambiguities in the 3rd edition crystal clear and shows the behavior of the real world.
Added some new features such as:
- Getter and setters
- Library support for JSON
- Better view on Object Properties
Then in Jun 2011 Edition 5.1 was introduced which was completely aligned with the 3rd edition of the international standard ISO/IEC 16262:2011.
6. Sixth Edition
Here is the list of new features added to ES6:
- string templates
- module loaders
- and many more
7. Seventh Edition
The seventh edition came into existence in 2016 though there were no such big releases such as that in ES 6.
Only 2 new features were added:
- i. array.prototype.includes()
- ii. exponentiation operator
8. Eighth Edition
It came into existence in the year 2017 by Brian Terlson. It included async/await constructions which is supposed to work with the help of generators and promises.
Its features included concurrency and atomics also the integration of syntactic with promises.
9. Ninth Edition
Also known as ECMAScript 2018 was finalized in 2018. Its new features included rest/spread. With this edition, we also saw some additions to Regular Expressions.
10. Tenth Edition
Officially known as ECMAScript 2019 was finalized in the year 2019 in the month of June.
This is an anonymous name given to whatever next version. Its features are officially called the proposals because their definitions are not finalized yet.
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