Common Web Designing and Development Languages

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Hey friends through this blog, I would like to brief you about commonweb designing and development languages used in creating a website. Here I will be providing more elaborative view with a clear distinction between what is a server side and client side language.

Web design & development constitutes the three sections of web site creation:

Client-Side Scripting in Web Designing

  • It runs on a user’s web browser
  • It is used when the client’s browser has all the code and the page is altered on the basis of the client’s information.
  • The browser executes the client side scripting which position within the user’s computer. Client-side scripts are otherwise called as embedded script (as they are inserted within a HTML or XHTML document).

Server-Side Scripting in Web Development

  • It runs on the web server;
  • It is a method used as a part of web designing to create dynamic web pages based on different conditions when the client’s browser makes a request.
  • The server executes the server side scripting which delivers the page to be sent to the browser. Server executes server-side scripts to be sent to a page but it does not execute client-side scripts.

Database Technology

  • It manages all the information on the server that supports a website.

Here is an outline of more mainstream web development languages used by the digital media industry today. Hope this information will be useful to everyone.

Basic Web Design and Development Languages

Client-Side Scripting

It incorporates HTML5 and CSS3 which runs inside a web browser. This implies that the web browser downloads all the records from a web server and, in return shows a static web page; you would be able to view these documents in case of loss of internet.

Following are the two most commonly used client-side scripting languages.

HTML5 and CSS3 are the two most fundamental web advancement languages, and are utilized to build about all web pages on the Internet.

HTML

HTML is the standardized markup language that structures and organizes content on the web.

  • Page components like the titles, headings, content and connections are incorporated in the HTML report.
  • It is one of the fundamental technologies which serve as the foundation of all web-pages. HTML is very easy to learn too as it has fixed sets of elements to be used.

CSS

Cascading Style Sheets (CSS) is a style-sheet language that fundamentally permits web designers and developers to for styling of webpages. Paired with HTML5, CSS3 permits

  • an individual to characterize the look and configuration of multiple website pages at glance;
  • components like color, design and textual styles are written in one document which is kept separate from the center code of the webpage.

These two languages provide the fundamental structure and style information used to make a static webpage — a page that appears to be identical to everybody who visits it. Many website pages now are alert website pages, which are somewhat custom-made to every new visitor. To create these more mind boggling web pages, you need to include more propelled server-side and client -side scripting.  

JavaScript

JavaScript is the programming language that brings animation, apps, games, interactivity and adds other dynamic elements to web pages.

  • After HTML5 and CSS3, it’s the most pervasive of the client-side scripts. 
  • Knowledge of JavaScript is necessary if someone looking for an advanced user interface.
  • Some JavaScript applications can even run without connecting to a web server, which implies they will work in a browser with or without an Internet association.

Some common frameworks of JavaScript

jQuery

jQuery is a cross-platform JavaScript library designed to simplify the client-side scripting of HTML.

  • jQuery is the most popular JavaScript library in use today.
  • Free, open-source software licensed under the MIT License. jQuery, at its core, is a DOM (Document Object Model) manipulation library. 
  • Provides a new paradigm for event handling in JavaScript beyond basic DOM element selection and manipulation. Following are the benefits of using jQuery
  • Separates JavaScript and HTML,
  • Provides Brevity and Clarity,
  • Eliminates cross-Browser incompatibilities,
  • Provides extensibility.

Angular

AngularJS is an open source web application JavaScript framework. It is a front-end application which is chiefly upheld to handle the challenges come across while developing single-page applications.

For example:

<script src="https://ajax.googleapis.com/ajax/libs/angularjs/1.2.26/angular.min.js"></script>

Furthermore, AngularJS extends HTML attributes with Directives, and binds data to HTML with Expressions.

Backbone.js

Backbone is known for being lightweight, as it’s dependent upon only one JavaScript library, Underscore.js.

  • It’s intended for creating single-page web applications, and for keeping different parts of web applications (for instance: multiple clients & the server) synchronized.
  • Backbone was made by Jeremy Ashkenas, who is also known for CoffeeScript.
  • Backbone.js offers structure to web applications by furnishing models with key-value tying and custom occasions, accumulations with a rich API of enumerable capacities, views with explanatory event handling, and connects it all to your current API over a RESTful JSON interface.

Node.js

Node.js is an open source, cross-stage runtime environment for server-side and networking applications.

  • Node.js applications are written in JavaScript, and can be run inside the Node.js runtime on OS X, Microsoft Windows, FreeBSD, Linux, and IBM i.
  • It’s a platform built on Chrome’s JavaScript for effectively building quick, scalable network applications.
  • It uses an event-driven, non-blocking I/O model that makes it lightweight and efficient, perfect for data-intensive real-time applications that run across distributed devices.

Server-side Scripting

Websites needs to be stored in a database on a web server. Server-side scripting essentially refers to any code which encourages the transfer of information (data) from that web server to a web browser. It additionally alludes to a code that is used to assemble a database or oversee information on the web server itself.

Server-side scripts usually run on the web server that has resources and power to run programs, which are excessively concentrated to be controlled by a web browser. Server-side scripts are likewise more secure, on the grounds that the source code stays on the web server instead of being transiently stored on an individual’s computer.

PHP

Almost employed by seventy-five percent of all web servers, Hypertext Preprocessor (PHP) is the popular general-purpose server-side scripting language.

  • The major benefit of PHP is that it is fast, flexible, pragmatic and open source along-with an enormous online community to support it.
  • It is compatible across multiple platforms.
  • PHP is frequently utilized by websites having lower traffic requests.

ASP (Active Server Pages)

ASP is an effective instrument for making dynamic and user-interactive Web pages.

  • Active Server Pages (ASP), also known as Classic ASP or ASP Classic, was Microsoft’s first server-side script engine for powerfully created website pages. Initially discharged as an add-on to Internet Information Services (IIS) through the Windows NT 4.0 Option Pack (ca. 1996), it was accordingly included as a free segment of Windows Server (since the starting arrival of Windows 2000 Server). ASP.NET, initially discharged in January 2002, has superseded ASP.

JSP (Java Server Pages)

JavaServer Pages (JSP) is an innovation that helps programming developers make dynamically produced website pages focused around HTML, XML, or other document types. Released in 1999 by Sun Microsystems, JSP is like PHP, yet it utilizes the Java programming dialect.

Python

Python is a programming language that gives you a chance to work rapidly and incorporate frameworks all the more effectively.

  • Python is a widely utilized general-purpose, high-level programming language. Its design theory underlines code coherence, and its punctuation permits developers to express ideas in less lines of code than would be conceivable in languages, for example, C++ or Java.
  • Python gives develops proposed to empower clear projects on both a little and huge scale.
  • It helps numerous programming standards, including obiect-oriented, basic and useful programming or procedural styles.
  • It features a dynamic type framework and programed memory administration and has a substantial and extensive standard library.

Some other useful programming languages used in today’s popular websites

Java

According to researchers upheld by W3Tech, Java is one amongst the popular general-purpose server-side scripting language.

  • The language is concurrent, object oriented and class-based, mainly for large-scale websites with a high volume of traffic.
  • One probable reason behind its fame among other high traffic sites is that Java systems beat other language frameworks in crude rate benchmark tests. That implies speedier server-based web applications for large scale websites. JSP, Java Servlets, WebObjects, etc. are few examples of server-side solutions that use Java.
  • Sites like Amazon, Apple App Store etc.use Java-based web frameworks.

C Language

The C language is a broadly useful, procedural, basic PC programming dialect created in 1972 by Dennis M. Ritchie at the Bell Telephone Laboratories to add to the UNIX working framework.

  • The C language is the most generally utilized scripting language, it continues fluctuating at number one size of ubiquity alongside Java programming dialect, which is additionally similarly prominent and most broadly utilized among current programming developers.

Compile/Execute C Programs

#include <stdio.h>
int main()
{
   / my first program in C /    printf("Hello, World! \n");
   return 0;
}

Ruby on Rail (ROR)             

Ruby is like Python in that it was intended to make programming more profitable by affirming short and basic code that is brief, reliable and adaptable. Where Ruby varies is in its dialect or syntax.

  • In Python, there is one and only right approach to program things, and its proficient and quick. In Ruby, there are various approaches to do likewise thing, and some may be speedier than others. Which language you utilize is truly a matter of preference.
  • Ruby on Rails is an extremely regular open-source web system that empowers web designers to make dynamic sites rapidly and productively.
  • Like Java, Ruby is all the more frequently utilized on web servers that arrangement with a lot of traffic.
  • Scribd, Hulu and Twitter all use Ruby.

The first question which comes in every web designer or developer’s mind is to which programming languages to learn and choose for the project. Every designer/programmer should understand that every language is unique and has its advantages and limitations. The key point to choose a language solely depends upon your requirements.

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